Dear Elastos Community,

It is with a mix of emotions that we, the Elastos Digerati Team, pen down this message to you. 

We want to inform you that the Elastos Digerati Team will be concluding its efforts on Sunday, Oct 15th, 2023. This decision was not made lightly, but it marks a new chapter in the life of the Elastos Info and the project’s Social Media landscape.

As our journey together comes to an end, we want to express our deepest gratitude and appreciation to the Elastos Foundation, the CR Council, every community member and core technical team member for the incredible support and dedication you have shown us. Your unwavering commitment has made a significant impact on the work we have done. 

Our mission, from the very beginning, was to serve the Elastos community to the best of our abilities. Every member of our team is a passionate Elastos enthusiast who joined forces to create content and manage social media channels that could best represent the Elastos project. It has been an incredible privilege to work on behalf of this remarkable community.

We have poured our hearts and souls into this endeavor, driven by our shared belief in the potential of Elastos. Through countless hours of work, we aimed to keep you informed, engaged, and inspired about the groundbreaking developments within the Elastos ecosystem.

Though our formal services may be concluding, our dedication to Elastos remains steadfast. Each one of us will continue to support this project from afar and wishes nothing but the best for the new Infinity Team as they take the reins and steer Elastos towards an even brighter future.

We look forward to witnessing the continued growth and success of this remarkable project and the incredible journey that lies ahead. Thank you once again for allowing us to be a part of this incredible community. It has been an honor and a privilege.

With heartfelt gratitude and warm regards,

The Elastos Digerati Team

The digital realm has witnessed a groundbreaking evolution in recent years, giving birth to a new buzzword capturing users’ imaginations worldwide: SocialFi. It’s not just a buzzword; it’s a game-changer redefining how we interact with social media. 

In this article, we’ll dive deep into the SocialFi phenomenon, exploring its immense potential and the unparalleled demand it’s generating. Furthermore, we’ll introduce you to Feeds, a platform that empowers content creators to leverage the power of SocialFi and monetize their creative endeavors.

The Emergence of SocialFi

SocialFi, or Social Finance, is a paradigm shift in the world of social media. It represents a transformative departure from the traditional platforms where profits predominantly flow into the coffers of giant corporations. 

Instead, SocialFi empowers users to directly benefit from their content and interactions, ushering in a new era of financial inclusion. At the forefront of this revolution is Friend.Tech, an innovative platform that’s making waves with its impressive financial figures.

The Friend.Tech Phenomenon

Friend.Tech has not merely entered the social media arena but disrupted it. With an eye-popping $313 million revenue run rate and a staggering $156 million profit run rate, Friend.Tech is not just making headlines; it’s setting new standards. Even more remarkable is that this extraordinary financial success is achieved with a relatively modest user base of fewer than 15,000 individuals. Friend.Tech is redefining the rules of engagement in social media by allowing users to monetize their contributions to the platform directly. This was all illustrated very well by Crypto Social Media Influencer Spencer Noon.

The Power of Feeds

Now, let’s shift our gaze to Feeds, a revolutionary dApp based on the Elastos platform that seamlessly integrates into the SocialFi trend and empowers content creators in unprecedented ways. Feeds isn’t just a social media platform; it’s a dynamic ecosystem that allows content creators to monetize their work like never before. 

At its core, Feeds facilitates tipping in ELA tokens, enabling users to support their favorite influencers and content creators directly. Unlike traditional Web2 platforms, where content creators often miss out on a significant portion of their revenue, Feeds ensures that creators reap the rewards of their hard work. It’s a win-win for both content creators and their dedicated followers.

Decentralized and Uncensorable

One of the most significant advantages of Feeds is its decentralized nature. It guarantees that content remains uncensorable, providing an ideal sanctuary for free expression. In an era where Web2 platforms have faced criticism for censoring content and stifling free speech, Feeds emerges as a beacon of hope. Your thoughts and ideas are your own, and they won’t be tampered with or taken down by external forces.

Ownership of Data

On traditional social media platforms, the content you create often becomes the property of the platform itself. This dynamic limits your control and affects the long-term ownership of your data. In contrast, Feeds empowers you with the capability to own your data, all thanks to the transformative power of Decentralized Identifiers (DIDs) and Hive. These DIDs and Hive offer complete control over your data, allowing you to decide when and where it’s used or posted. It’s a game-changing shift that ensures your digital identity remains firmly in your grasp.

NFT Integration

Feeds takes its commitment to further empowering content creators by turning channels into NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens). This unique infrastructure not only validates the value of your content but also opens up exciting opportunities. Your channels are viewable on the Pasar NFT Marketplace, setting the stage for a future where you can potentially trade your channels and monetize your brand’s popularity in a decentralized marketplace. 

In other social media realms, accounts are often sold offline; Feeds offers a decentralized marketplace to facilitate these transactions more seamlessly. While it’s true that DIDs are tied to the original channel’s user, preventing the transfer of these NFTs. The Feeds team is actively working on enabling customizable DIDs, eventually allowing users to transact channels with one another. Once DIDs become transferable, the possibilities for monetization will be limitless.

Seamless Sharing

Feeds understands the importance of expanding your reach. It provides a platform for your content and ensures that your voice is heard far and wide. Feeds allows you to effortlessly share your content across various platforms, engaging with your audience and reaching new followers easily. 

Whether it’s LinkedIn, Facebook, WhatsApp, or Twitter, Feeds is your ally in ensuring your content reaches its full potential. This seamless sharing functionality is a game-changer for content creators who seek to amplify their impact.


As the SocialFi trend continues to gain momentum, platforms like Friend.Tech and Feeds promise to be the driving force behind a paradigm shift in social media. The rise of SocialFi is not just a buzzword; it’s a revolution in the making, and Friend.Tech is leading the way with its astounding financial success. While Friend.Tech sets the bar high, Feeds takes it a step further by empowering content creators to leverage the power of SocialFi, offering a platform where they can freely express themselves, monetize their creative work, and engage with their audience on their terms.

In a world where centralized platforms have often wielded too much power, SocialFi, and Feeds are reshaping the digital landscape, allowing users to express themselves, monetize their work, and engage with their audience without the fear of censorship or loss of control. The SocialFi wave is here, and Feeds is your surfboard. Are you ready to ride it to the next level of social media empowerment? The choice is yours, and the opportunities are boundless.

Dear Community Members,

We have an important update regarding a class action settlement related to a securities lawsuit involving Elastos Foundation, Rong Chen, and Feng Han. This lawsuit alleges that these parties violated federal securities laws by selling unregistered securities in the form of ELA tokens during Elastos’ Initial Coin Offering (ICO) in 2018, as well as through their Lock-In Program and on secondary markets between January 1, 2018 and July 27, 2023.

The good news is that the parties involved have reached a proposed settlement of $2 million to resolve these claims. This means that you, as members of the community who purchased or acquired ELA tokens during the specified timeframe, may be entitled to a share of this settlement.

To claim your share of the settlement, here’s what you need to do:

  1. Submit a Claim Form: You must complete and submit a claim form, which is available at, before the deadline on December 6, 2023. This form is essential to ensure that you are included in the distribution of settlement funds.
  2. Opt Out or Object: If you have concerns or wish to opt out of the settlement, you have until December 1, 2023, to take action. This is your opportunity to voice any objections or decide not to participate.
  3. Stay Informed: Mark your calendars for the settlement hearing scheduled for December 22, 2023. This is where the final decisions regarding the settlement will be made.

The proposed allocation plan for distributing the net settlement funds to authorized claimants is also outlined in the notice, providing transparency about how the funds will be divided among eligible community members.

It’s important to note that class counsel intends to seek attorney’s fees and costs, which will not exceed 30% of the total settlement amount. This fee will be deducted from the settlement funds before distribution.

In essence, this is your opportunity to secure your rightful share of the settlement if you purchased or acquired ELA tokens during the specified period. You are welcome to take the necessary steps and visit to access the claim form and stay updated on the proceedings.

Elastos emerges as a beacon of hope in the Web3 world where online privacy and data ownership have become increasingly important. This platform offers individuals complete control over their digital assets. Active Proxy service, the revolutionary feature on Elastos Carrier, allows users to host their own personal website from their local device, and ensures the website is accessible to the entire internet while users retain absolute ownership and control of their data.

Setting up a personal website via the Active Proxy service not only grants you full data control but also ensures privacy and reliability. It allows for secure global access, reduced latency, and tamper-proof content thanks to the blockchain technology. Moreover, Elastos provides streamlined tasks through the Elastos Smart Contract (ESC) sidechain, simplified digital asset management via the Essentials wallet, trust establishment with Elastos DIDs, decentralized domain names, and Digital Rights Management (DRM) technology for enhanced control and content security, ultimately boosting monetization possibilities. 

In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to set up a personal website via the Active Proxy service.


  1. A Debian-based Linux distribution.
  2. A domain name registered on
  3. Basic command-line knowledge.

Step 1: Update Your System

$ sudo apt-get update

Step 2: Install Required Packages

Install the necessary packages and dependencies:

$ sudo apt-get install -y build-essential autoconf automake autopoint libtool cmake libncurses-dev git

Step 3: Clone Carrier Repository

Navigate to your home folder and clone the Carrier repository:

$ cd ~

$ git clone

Step 4: Create a Build Directory

Change to the build directory inside the Carrier repository and create and name a directory:

$ cd Elastos.Carrier.Native/build

$ mkdir linux && cd linux

Step 5: Generate Makefiles and Compile

Generate the Makefile files with this prompt:


Then compile the Carrier with all options included using this command:

$ make && make install

Step 6: Move Configuration File

Move the configuration file to the appropriate directory and rename it as “default.conf”:

$ mv ~/Elastos.Carrier.Native/apps/launcher/sample.conf ~/Elastos.Carrier.Native/build/linux/apps/launcher/default.conf

Step 7: Update Configuration File

Edit the configuration file using your favorite text editor, e.g., nano:

$ nano ~/Elastos.Carrier.Native/build/linux/apps/launcher/default.conf

Update the following lines in the config file under the “addons” section:

Step 8: Launch Carrier

Run the following command to launch the Carrier service:

$ ./carrier-launcher -c default.conf

If you need to restart the launcher, use the following commands:

$ ps -e | grep carrier

$ kill -9 “IDprocess”

Run the command with the suffix “&” to indicate that this command will run in the background.

Once the launcher is running, check the nodeId by using the command:

$ cat ~/Elastos.Carrier.Native/build/linux/apps/launcher/data/id && echo

Use this base58 Node ID string when you register or update your pc2 domain name.

Step 9: Register a DDNS Domain

Go to, need to use Essentials to get signed in with your DID, choose “REGISTER DDNS NAME,” enter your domain name and Node ID, and then click on “REGISTER.”

Step 10: Install Caddy Server

Download the Caddy server binary and move it to the /usr/local/bin/ directory, and make sure this /usr/local/bin is in the $PATH environment :

wget -O caddy

tar -xzvf  caddy

sudo mv caddy /usr/local/bin/

sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/caddy

Here we use Caddy service as an example of a personal web service. Users can replace their own dedicated personal service by deploying on LAN home, while being able to share it outside for the public.

Step 11: Create an example of Web content to set up your website

Create a directory for your website content and download your website files (e.g., AdminLTE) into it. Unzip the files if necessary:

$ mkdir ~/web

$ wget

$ mv v3.2.0.tar.gz ~/web

$ tar -xzvf ~/web/v3.2.0.tar.gz -C ~/web

Step 12: Run Caddy Server

Start the Caddy server with the following command:

$ caddy file-server –listen 

Then you can check it on your local environment by inputting an url like: http://YOUR-LOCAL-IP-OF-THE-DEVICE:8989

If another web service is already using the default port 80 on the device, you can use a different port for your web service.

Here the port needs to match the value of item “upstreamPort” in “default.conf”

Step 13: Generate Your Node Private Key

On the Carrier Network, every service is considered an equal peer. Services can be publicly announced within the network, and interested parties can retrieve information about a specific service by using its unique peer ID, which follows the same format as a Node ID. To maintain ownership of a service, the user responsible for it must generate and associate a peer ID, and each service peer must secure its operation by binding it to a private key.

To generate your private key node, follow these steps:

$ git clone

$ cd Elastos.Carrier.Java

$ ./mvnw

$ cd shell/target/bin/

$ ./carrier-shell

Carrier $ keygen

Once the set of private and public keys are generated, then add “Private Key of Signature to the “default.conf” file for authentication.

After all steps are finished, you can then restart the carrier-launcher so the function works properly.


By hosting your website on Elastos and using Active Proxy, you’ve taken a significant step towards asserting your digital freedom. You now have control over your data and are contributing to a more decentralized and user-centric internet.

With the ability to host content from your local device, accessible globally, you’ve joined a community that values data ownership and privacy. You’re part of the movement towards a more secure and user-driven digital future.Keep exploring, innovating, and advocating for a more secure and open internet where individuals have control over their digital destinies.

This tutorial was meticulously crafted by our esteemed community member, EverlastingOS. We extend our sincere appreciation to EverlastingOS for his invaluable contribution to our community’s knowledge and empowerment. 

You’re welcome to show your appreciation for EverlastingOS’s valuable contributions through donations at the following address: EZwpppnS2ML1dNvKvEcQKnziF1oVuPbHNd

In the latest Elastos Bi-Weekly Update, significant progress has been made in various areas. On the Elastos main chain, the core team is working on a feature that allows stakers to redelegate their voting between nodes, which adds flexibility for the stakers. Additionally, they have conducted tests for using multisig wallets for CR Proposal submissions and have resolved issues causing instability in the main chain ELA node.

The Elastos side chain has seen important developments, with the finalization of the upcoming developer incentive plan. The team is also investigating some new protocols that can potentially improve the performance on side chains. They’ve also addressed issues on testnet related to the transfer of BNFTs between the side chain and the main chain.

In the realm of the DID (Decentralized Identifier) Web Service, user experience improvements have been a priority. This includes refining the authentication process, enhancing the user interface for identity-related pages, and adding features such as the Contact Us page. They’ve also focused on security, introducing a Sensitive attribute for certain data types to improve the authentication mechanisms. 

KYC-me has introduced a new feature enabling the capture of passport and ID card photos, facilitating integration with potential KYC providers, while also incorporating liveness detection and OCR capabilities.

The DID SDK has undergone refinements, particularly in enhancing the security of identity data storage, and V2.3.1 has been released to improve functionality and reliability.

Lastly for the Hive SDK, the team resolved some issues that arose during integration with the DID Web Service. These updates collectively reflect Elastos’ commitment to advancing decentralized identity solutions and blockchain technology.

Elastos Main Chain

Elastos Side Chain

DID Web Service



Hive SDK

The Gelaxy Team and Trinity Team



Web1, the “Institutional Web,” was the early internet, featuring static web pages and one-way information flow from institutions to users. Web2, the “Oligarchic Web,” introduced user-generated content, interactivity, and social networking through platforms like Facebook and YouTube. Web3, known as the “Semantic Web” or “Personal Web,” envisions a future where machines understand and interconnect information, enabling highly personalized and intelligent services via technologies such as AI and IoT. As Elastos Founder Rong Chen tweeted

#Web1 nodes are typically operated by institutions.

#Web2 nodes are often controlled by oligarchs.

#Web3 nodes are PCs left on 24/7 at home.

This succinctly captures how internet infrastructure has shifted along with changing power dynamics. Elastos is at the forefront of the internet’s transformation from Web1 to Web3, representing the evolution of the internet’s infrastructure. 

Elastos empowers users with self-sovereign identity, decentralized storage, encrypted messaging, and scalability. This infrastructure enables the creation of decentralized applications (dApps) and aligns with the user-centric vision of Web3. Beyond its core components, Elastos envisions a future where users can establish micro websites and cyber storefronts, epitomizing the Web3 ideal where individuals and businesses have greater control over their online presence and digital destiny

Web1: The Institutional Internet

The early internet of the 1990s took shape across government agencies, research institutions, and large corporations. Websites were largely static brochures, generated by institutions for one-way informational distribution. Individual users had little influence over content or infrastructure.

Government bodies like the U.S. military were primary developers of early networking technologies like ARPANET. Academics spearheaded sites for knowledge sharing among researchers. Large media outlets launched websites as extensions of their centralized information distribution.

This institutional Web1 gave elite organizations outsized control over online interactions. They operated massive centralized server farms while individuals accessed the web primarily through institutional terminals like libraries or campus computer labs. Policies and cultural norms heavily restricted individual content creation.

Web2: The Oligarchic Internet

Web2 emerged with a promise to distribute power by putting publishing and communication tools into every user’s hands. Platforms flourished with individual participation, creativity, and connection. However, as the tech industry grew, early online pioneers gave way to increasingly centralized oligarchic tech giants like Google, Facebook, Amazon, Apple, and Microsoft.

Rather than dispersing influence, platforms like Facebook and Twitter became massive walled gardens where user-created value was extracted for corporate gain. The boundaries between media outlets and tech companies blurred into new consolidated information regimes.

The paradox of Web2 was its transformation: from a tool promising empowerment to a system commodifying user engagement for the benefit of a few digital oligarchs. Even innovations like smartphones, intended to further decentralize access, inadvertently amplified the reach of these tech giants. Despite its groundbreaking advancements, Web2 inadvertently birthed a new era of digital monopolies.

Web3: The Personal Internet

Web3 stands on the brink of a technological revolution, poised to decentralize the online power dynamics that have historically favored institutions and tech oligarchies. Central to this shift are innovations like blockchains, cryptocurrencies, and tokenization that promise to redefine online ownership and control.

Where Web1 and Web2 largely relied on centralized nodes driven by corporate entities, Web3 is built around nodes hosted on millions of personal devices in homes across the world. Instead of passively participating in platforms like Facebook, users are the true architect of their own digital spaces. Ownership and control of digital assets are managed via the decentralized technologies rather than centralized servers.

Web3 represents a profoundly personal internet where users command their own online experiences. Rather than residing in oligarchic walled gardens, power and agency are pushed back to the edges among ordinary users.

Of course, realizing this vision requires overcoming complex barriers around scalability, security, regulation, and more. Many past decentralization efforts failed to account for the tendency to reconsolidate power. However, Web3 offers hope of recapturing the original internet spirit: distributing influence among common users.

Elastos: The User-Controlled Internet

Elastos empowers users to monetize their data and digital assets, emphasizing the shift from passive ownership to active profit generation. This key aspect aligns with the broader Web3 goal of granting users agency and control over their online activities.

Self-sovereign Identity

Elastos’ core philosophy revolves around decentralization and digital sovereignty, and its adoption of Decentralized Identifier (DID) technology is central to achieving this vision. DID technology fundamentally reshapes the way Know Your Customer (KYC) processes are conducted, creating a user-centric and privacy-focused approach. With Elastos DID, individuals have full ownership and control of their digital identities. 

Users can selectively share only the necessary attributes for verification, minimizing the exposure of sensitive personal data. This not only enhances privacy but also reduces the risk of identity theft and misuse. Verifiable Credentials, a key service of DID, allow users to securely store digital proofs of their attributes and qualifications, which can be issued by trusted entities. This further streamlines KYC, making it a more efficient and secure process.

Moreover, Elastos DID effectively bridges the gap between the physical and digital realms. Users can link their digital identities to real-world credentials like driver’s licenses or diplomas, providing a robust connection between their online and offline personas. When they need to prove their identity, these Verifiable Credentials can be presented, ensuring that the digital identity remains rooted in real-world authenticity. 

In essence, Elastos DID marries the real world and the digital space, fostering trust and security in online interactions while preserving individual control over personal information.

Decentralized Storage Solution

Hive, as a decentralized storage technology, addresses a pivotal challenge in today’s internet landscape by fundamentally changing how data is stored and accessed. With Hive, users have the autonomy to select and deploy their preferred Hive nodes for secure data storage. 

HiveHub exemplifies this decentralized storage revolution within the Elastos ecosystem. It offers users a comprehensive solution, allowing them to create Vaults on their chosen Hive nodes, register these nodes as NFTs, and back up or migrate their data. This approach embodies true data sovereignty for users and it fosters a community-driven economy, enabling users to profit by sharing their storage resources.

As Hive and platforms like HiveHub continue to evolve, they demonstrate the potential of decentralized storage to liberate data from centralized control, enhance security, and empower users to shape the future of the internet. This shift towards user-centric storage solutions marks a significant step towards a more resilient and equitable digital landscape. 

Peer-to-peer Network

Elastos enhances user privacy and control through encrypted peer-to-peer messaging with Elastos Carrier. This feature not only enhances privacy but also empowers secure communication, giving users more control over their online interactions. 

Acting as the linchpin in Carrier’s decentralized infrastructure, the Active Proxy service enables users to host personal websites, apps, and services on their home WiFi networks while maintaining privacy and control. It leverages Carrier Super Nodes for reliability and trust, allowing individuals to announce their services globally and achieve true data ownership. 

Active Proxy combines the convenience of mainstream hosting with the benefits of privacy and decentralization, ensuring data remains private on users’ hardware while accessible from anywhere.

Mainchain-sidechain Structure With Scalability

Elastos employs a mainchain-sidechain structure, with the added security benefit of being protected by the Bitcoin blockchain through merged mining. This unique approach combines scalability and security efficiently. Scalability is achieved by enabling parallel processing on independent sidechains, allowing for high transaction throughput and customization for specific use cases, all while minimizing the risk of network congestion. 

Meanwhile, the security of Elastos is enhanced by the isolation of sidechains from the mainchain, ensuring that any security breaches on a sidechain do not compromise the entire network. The reduced attack surface, support for various consensus mechanisms, and the ability to implement data privacy features further bolster security. 

With the added protection of Bitcoin’s mining power, Elastos’ mainchain-sidechain architecture strikes a robust balance between scalability and security, making it a trusted platform for dApps.

DRM to Monetize Your Data

Digital Rights Management (DRM) is a critical technology for protecting intellectual property in the digital age. It plays a pivotal role in safeguarding the rights of content creators by controlling access to and usage of their digital assets. However, DRM has often been criticized for potentially limiting consumer rights and stifling innovation.

Elacity, through its innovative approach, is addressing these concerns and working towards a balanced solution. By combining DRM with Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), Elacity aims to provide content creators with comprehensive tools to protect and monetize their digital assets effectively. This integration enables creators to maintain ownership rights while ensuring that their content is used and distributed in a controlled and authorized manner. 

Elacity’s open-sourced approach and commitment to DRM technology will significantly empower artists, musicians, and other content creators in the digital landscape, ultimately leading to greater creative freedom and financial independence. With this approach, Elacity is poised to shape the future of digital content creation, distribution, and monetization in a way that benefits both creators and consumers.

Elastos Micro Websites

The Elastos tech stack offers individuals and businesses the opportunity to easily build and manage their own personal or micro websites with a range of advantages. A decentralized website constructed using Elastos technology can be exemplified by an e-commerce platform, or personal blog, etc. This platform enables individuals and small enterprises to directly offer their goods to consumers, bypassing middlemen.  The decentralized micro website offers numerous benefits:

1) Peer-to-Peer Interactions: One of the key components facilitating this is Carrier, a proprietary permissionless network that efficiently manages traffic between personal nodes. This means that users can establish direct connections with their personal websites, enhancing reliability and reducing latency.

2) Decentralized Storage: Hive, another integral part of the Elastos stack, offers reliable storage Vaults to all users, ensuring that data, media, and other content are readily accessible. 

3) Secure & Tamper-Proof: Any data/transactions on decentralized websites are immutable by leveragint blockchain technology. Once a transaction happens , it cannot be changed.

4) Scalable Automation Tools: The Elastos Smart Contract (ESC) sidechain further enhances the stack’s capabilities by providing scalable automation tools, making website building and management more accessible and efficient. Through Elastos dApps, businesses can automate tasks such as transactions, taxes, and payroll, streamlining their operations.

5) Integrated Cryptocurrency Transactions: The Essentials wallet supports multiple cryptocurrencies and blockchains, providing users with an all-in-one solution for managing their digital assets and conducting transactions securely. 

6) Self-Sovereign Identity: With Elastos DIDs, individuals can establish trust and prove their identity, offering an extra layer of security and transparency. 

7) Decentralized Domain Names: Elastos micro websites come with decentralized domain systems, ensuring that domain names are owned and controlled by the user, rather than a centralized domain registrar.

8) Digital Rights Management: DRM in Elastos micro websites ensures content security and tamper-proofing, safeguarding digital assets. It enables creators to control access and automate transactions, enhancing content monetization.

In summary, the Elastos tech stack’s components collectively contribute to an ecosystem that simplifies website creation, hosting, and management, all while offering greater control, security, and automation capabilities to individuals and small businesses looking to establish their online presence. 


The internet’s evolution reflects power shifts. Web1 mirrored mass media gatekeeping. Web2 centralized power. Web3, like Elastos, aims for personal influence. It balances decentralization and capitalism. 

Elastos empowers users through DID, storage, and connectivity. It embodies Web3’s mission: user control, data monetization, and decentralized commerce. It’s a promising platform for the Web3 era, where power resides with users, not institutions or oligarchies.

Welcome to the third installment of our series, “The Journey of Elastos – Celebrating its 6th Anniversary.” In this final chapter, we delve deep into the thriving ecosystem of Elastos, a dynamic blockchain project that has consistently pushed the boundaries of what’s possible in the realm of Web3 technology. As we celebrate six years of innovation, it’s time to explore some of the projects, partnerships, and vision that have propelled Elastos to the forefront of the decentralized revolution.

The Elastos ecosystem is a testament to the project’s unwavering commitment to creating a user-centric internet where individuals have control over their digital destinies. From pioneering solutions in digital content ownership and monetization to forging powerful partnerships with industry giants, Elastos has been on a relentless quest to reshape the digital landscape.

Join us on this journey as we discover how Elacity is revolutionizing digital content, how Essentials serves as a user-friendly gateway to Elastos dApps, how Feeds is reinventing social media on the blockchain, and how Glide Finance is driving community-driven decentralized finance. We’ll also explore Elastos’ strategic partnerships with Alibaba Cloud, Tencent Cloud, and Celo, each of which plays a pivotal role in shaping the future of decentralized technology.

As we celebrate Elastos’ sixth anniversary, we invite you to explore the incredible projects and partnerships that have brought us to this point. The road to a user-powered future in the world of Web3 technology is paved with innovation, collaboration, and the relentless pursuit of a decentralized digital world. Let’s dive into the final chapter of this remarkable journey.

Elastos Ecosystem Projects

Elacity – Revolutionizing Digital Content Ownership and Monetization

In the dynamic Elastos ecosystem, Elacity emerges as a transformative force, revolutionizing digital content creation, distribution, and earnings. By fusing Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) with Digital Rights Management (DRM), Elacity empowers content creators while safeguarding their intellectual property. Aligned with Elastos’ vision of self-sovereignty, Elacity’s innovation enables creators to sell authenticated NFT versions of their work, granting control over distribution and usage while ensuring protection.

Elacity is innovating its dApp performance by integrating Runtime technology, setting it apart from other NFT marketplaces. They’re introducing data capsules—specialized WebAssembly (WASM) code converted from media files—which users can access via the Carrier network. These capsules can only be opened within the secure Runtime environment, which consults the blockchain for permission before granting access. 

Access tokens, DRM NFTs, issued on the ESC chain, enable content trading while ensuring royalties flow to stakeholders. Elacity’s approach fosters inclusivity, allowing users to own, protect, trade, and profit from their data. Runtime’s sandboxed system secures access, compatible with various browsers and devices. Overall, Elacity’s integration of Runtime and blockchain-based DRM promises secure, decentralized data access, potentially revolutionizing decentralized data sharing.

Essentials – The User-Friendly Gateway to Elastos dApps

Essentials is an intuitive all-in-one wallet for accessing the Elastos ecosystem. It provides user-friendly onboarding to Elastos DIDs, Hive storage, Carrier chat, and a growing portfolio of dApps. Essentials abstracts away blockchain complexities, offering a clean wallet interface anyone can use.

Essentials introduced Ledger Nano X hardware wallet support in its June 2022 release. This integration significantly enhances asset management security, eliminating the need to share wallet mnemonics with any application. Ledger integration encompasses Elastos, Bitcoin, and Ethereum-compatible networks, including DeFi dApps. The release includes fine-tuned user interface improvements, Elastos main chain multi-signature support, new EVM networks, accelerated NFT operations, and various enhancements.

For Elastos to achieve mainstream adoption, ease of use is essential. By crafting an elegant mobile wallet experience, Essentials makes it simple for regular internet users to leverage the power of decentralized apps and services. It serves as a crucial gateway to drive user onboarding.

Feeds – User-Powered Social Built on DIDs

Feeds is a blockchain-based social media platform built entirely on decentralized technologies. It utilizes Elastos DIDs for user profiles, Carrier for encrypted data transmission, and Hive for media storage. This ensures user ownership over all network data and connections.

In contrast to extractive social networks, Feeds offers an ethical alternative that aligns with decentralized values. Media ownership, connections, and discussions happen directly between users. Feeds is laying the foundation for the inevitable transition toward open social platforms.

Elastos Info recently launched an article writing contest for community members to share ideas on how the Elastos Feeds app can leverage the momentum of Nostr. As a decentralized and encrypted social network, Nostr has been gaining widespread popularity in the Web3 community. To tap into this hype and showcase Elastos’ capabilities, the “Best Article” contest was announced with the theme: “How can Elastos ride the Nostr wave?”

The contest called upon the Elastos community to submit articles exploring potential integrations between Feeds and Nostr. Writers were encouraged to provide technical analysis, case studies, or real-world examples of how Feeds could capitalize on Nostr’s growth.

By launching this contest, Elastos Info engaged its community to actively brainstorm and contribute perspectives on connecting two leading decentralized social platforms. Community participation is key for Elastos to continually explore new opportunities in the evolving Web3 landscape. The contest rewarded the most insightful articles analyzing how Feeds can effectively leverage Nostr’s decentralized identities, messaging, and social profiles. Winning submissions highlighted Elastos’ commitment to an open and user-driven internet of the future.

The Feeds team worked to deploy two dedicated Nostr relay nodes for the Feeds dApp. By connecting to these relays, Feeds users can now post updates and access their feed faster than before. The reduced latency improves the Timeline feature and overall experience of the Feeds dApp. This integration highlights the community-driven nature of Elastos and its ability to identify and incorporate the latest innovations in the Web3 space. It’s a small but meaningful step that lays the foundation for further decentralized social features powered by Nostr and Elastos Carrier technologies.

Glide Finance – The Community-Driven Decentralized Exchange

Glide Finance is a decentralized cryptocurrency exchange protocol built on Elastos Smart Chain. It provides automated pooled liquidity and high-speed swaps of ELA and other ERC-20 tokens without intermediaries. Leveraging blockchain for transparency and security, Glide Finance enables community-driven DeFi with sustainable tokenomics.

As a homegrown project, Glide Finance showcases the vibrant developer ecosystem blossoming on Elastos. It provides key financial infrastructure for the community while adhering to principles of openness and transparency characteristic of Web3.

In September of 2022. Glide Finance collaborated with Elk Finance to establish liquidity on the Elastos Smart Contract (ESC) chain, which played a pivotal role in strengthening the foundation of Decentralized Finance (DeFi) within the Elastos ecosystem. As the first non-native project to build on ESC, Elk’s integration into the platform brought significant liquidity incentives through Glide Finance.

When Elk joined ESC, Glide Finance introduced liquidity incentives that resulted in an immediate doubling of on-chain liquidity for the ELA/ELK trading pair, surging from $400k USD to $800k USD. This infusion of liquidity invigorated the ecosystem, attracting new users and enhancing overall activity.


Elastos has formed impactful partnerships with industry giants to advance the digital landscape. Collaborating with Alibaba Cloud, Elastos merges blockchain and cloud computing, revolutionizing data control while utilizing cloud storage benefits. The Tencent Cloud alliance accelerates Web3 growth, empowering developers with technical expertise and cloud services. Joining forces with Celo, Elastos integrates decentralized identity solutions onto Celo’s blockchain, enhancing ecosystem features and accessibility through the Essentials Super-Wallet. These partnerships collectively drive innovation, inclusivity, and security, reshaping the future of decentralized technology and digital experiences.

The partnership between Elastos and Alibaba Cloud marks a significant advancement in the pursuit of a more secure, scalable, and user-centric digital landscape. By merging the strengths of blockchain technology and cloud computing, the collaboration introduces a hybrid approach that enables Elastos to retain data control while leveraging the benefits of cloud storage. This alliance holds the potential to redefine our understanding of digital assets and data sovereignty, offering a pathway to a more innovative and secure future. The partnership’s focus on scalability, security, and innovation underscores their commitment to shaping a new digital paradigm that combines the power of decentralized solutions with the infrastructure prowess of Alibaba Cloud.

Elastos and Tencent Cloud have joined forces to accelerate the growth of Web3, enhancing the inclusivity and security of the modern internet. This strategic partnership capitalizes on Elastos’ technical prowess and Tencent Cloud’s cloud service expertise, aiming to empower developers and startups within the Web3 realm. The collaboration involves leveraging Tencent Cloud’s infrastructure for technology services and platform operations, while simultaneously offering developers seamless access to its resources. Through customized incentives, joint marketing activities, and shared initiatives, this partnership is set to revolutionize the Web3 landscape by driving innovation, supporting startups, and integrating cutting-edge services for a more secure and dynamic digital experience.

In June 2023, Elastos, a prominent player in decentralized Web3 infrastructure, joined forces with the carbon-negative blockchain platform Celo. This strategic partnership involves the integration of Elastos’ decentralized identity solutions onto Celo’s layer-1 blockchain. By leveraging this collaboration, Elastos aims to enhance Celo’s ecosystem with its cutting-edge Web3 solutions, encompassing features such as W3C compliant decentralized identifiers (DID), decentralized storage, and credibility scoring. Furthermore, Celo’s dApps will become accessible through Elastos’ Essentials Super-Wallet, which now seamlessly supports the Celo network. This enhanced compatibility empowers users to manage assets, NFTs, and engage with dApps all within the app browser. 

Users within the Celo network will experience an array of benefits, including self-sovereign DIDs, support for KYC processes, verifiable credentials, personalized contact lists, and complimentary decentralized cloud storage. This collaboration harmonizes with Celo’s mobile-first strategy and their mission to promote global equity and inclusivity through Web3 adoption. Future endeavors under this partnership will involve tailor-made DeFi solutions, refined DAO governance tools, and incentives for circular economy models and climate-conscious actions. This collaborative effort underscores the paramount importance of decentralized identity solutions in cultivating a positive user experience within the Celo ecosystem.

The Road to a User-Powered Future

As Elastos embarks on its journey into the seventh year, the stage is set for a new era of transformative growth and widespread adoption. Rooted in its unyielding vision of an internet where individuals hold the reins to their digital lives, Elastos has laid the cornerstone of a potent decentralized foundation.

However, this is merely the commencement. With its technology now mature and its ecosystem flourishing, Elastos eagerly invites individuals, developers, and enterprises worldwide to unite in constructing the user-centric internet of tomorrow. Much like the beckoning promise of an uncharted frontier, Elastos stands poised at the threshold of a fresh digital horizon – a realm where people sculpt their virtual realms. Empowered by its resilient infrastructure and united community, Elastos possesses a formidable momentum to realize its dream of an inclusive web, emancipated from the dominion of the few.

Six years were dedicated to establishing the bedrock of this vision. The upcoming six are destined for a collective ascent – a collaborative endeavor to unfurl our banners at the pinnacle of decentralization. The dawn of connectedness, creativity, and financial empowerment awaits its rightful claimants.

With unwavering determination, Elastos propels forward, reaffirming its commitment through the Snapback campaign – a rallying cry that resonates with individuals who dare to shape their digital destiny within the tapestry of Web3. This campaign is set to be the beacon that empowers users and cements their rightful place at the forefront of the digital revolution.


In the recent Elastos Bi-Weekly update, significant progress was made across various aspects of the project. The Gelaxy Team continues to develop the BPoS staking rewards dashboard, conducted rigorous testing for potential malicious transactions in the new BPoS Consensus algorithm, and improved the mainchain explorer. They also explored BTC Layer 2 integration possibilities.

On the Elastos sidechain front, efforts were focused on enhancing the Developer Incentive Program, investigating gas fee adjustments, and exploring integration solutions with BTC Layer 2 projects such as the Lightning Network and RSK.  The team embarked on an in-depth exploration of the KYC documentation from some outside providers.

In the realm of DID (Decentralized Identiifer), significant strides were made in advancing the UI/UX of the DID web service, integrating third-party OAUTH authentication, and introducing features for Verified Credentials (VCs) management. The team also worked on upgrading the DID SDK for improved database storage using an asynchronous API model.

Within the Carrier component, test cases were refined, and Java/Native components were enhanced to boost the stability for the Active Proxy service. All of these developments underline Elastos’ dedication to strengthening its blockchain infrastructure, expanding BTC Layer 2 integration, and advancing technologies like DID and Carrier.

Elastos Mainchain

Elastos Sidechain

DID Web Service




The Gelaxy Team and Trinity Team


In a world where data is currency and information is power, the lines between our virtual and real-world selves have become increasingly blurred. The digital realm is no longer a separate entity; it’s an integral part of our daily lives. It’s where we communicate, create, and conduct business. But in this digital landscape, who truly holds the reins of control? Who has the power to shape their digital destiny? Elastos, as it celebrates its 6th anniversary, answers these questions with a resounding call to action.

Elastos empowers individuals in an era where data ownership is paramount and information is the currency of the future. With a comprehensive suite of tools and technologies, Elastos invites you to be the architect of the next generation of creative platforms, financial services, and business processes. It doesn’t just envision a world where you take control of your digital destiny; it provides the means to make that vision a reality.

At the heart of this empowerment lies Elastos’ versatile and robust consensus mechanism—a three-pronged approach that is unique, flexible, and, above all, secure. Through auxiliary proof of work (APoW), variable bonded proof of stake (BPoS), proof of integrity (PoI), and sidechains, Elastos ensures that you have the tools to shape your digital future on your terms. In the 2nd part of the “Journey of Elastos- Celebrating its 6th Anniversary series”, let’s embark on a journey to explore how this innovative consensus mechanism puts the power back in your hands, where it belongs.

Elastic Consensus – Shaping Your Digital Destiny

Elastos’ Elastic Consensus is not just a technical concept; it’s a call to action. It’s an invitation for individuals to take control of their digital destinies. In a world where data is increasingly valuable, Elastos provides a unique and flexible framework that empowers you to participate actively in shaping the digital landscape.

The first prong, proof of integrity (PoI), stands as an emblem of decentralized governance. It’s about ensuring that the decisions that shape the blockchain’s future are made collectively and transparently. The Cyber Republic DAO, which embodies POI, gives you a seat at the table. It’s a space where community voices are heard, Proposals are discussed, and decisions are made collaboratively. In a world where information is power, the Cyber Republic DAO empowers you to actively participate in the governance of the digital realm.

Elastos’ mainchain consensus is the second prong of the Elastic Consensus which is anchored by two core components: merged mining with Bitcoin for heightened security and the innovative variable BPoS system. Merged mining taps into Bitcoin’s unmatched security to safeguard the network, while BPoS introduces equity tokens and community incentives, ensuring widespread participation and empowering stakeholders in shaping the blockchain’s future.

Sidechains constitute the third prong of the Elastos Consensus, playing a pivotal role in enabling secure and efficient asset transfers between the mainchain and various sidechains within the ecosystem. This is achieved through mechanisms like SPV, multi-signature transactions, and the involvement of elected Arbiters, ensuring network decentralization and security. Sidechains ensure the seamless movement of assets and represent a crucial element of Elastos’ overall consensus mechanism.

The Cyber Republic DAO: Empowering Community Governance

One of the most remarkable achievements in Elastos’ journey has been the establishment of the Cyber Republic DAO. This monumental development represents a paradigm shift in the world of blockchain governance. It acknowledges the pivotal role played by a vibrant and engaged community in not only the success but also the long-term sustainability of a blockchain project.

The Cyber Republic DAO introduces a decentralized decision-making process in which community members, ELA token holders, and the CR Council collaboratively participate. This process encompasses various aspects, including Proposal submission, CR Council Member elections, and participatory voting. It empowers every individual within the Elastos ecosystem to have a real say in shaping the project’s direction.

Central to the Cyber Republic DAO is Elastos’ commitment to openness, transparency, and inclusivity. It has transformed the governance structure, making it more accessible and participatory. Elastos is not just a blockchain project; it’s a community-driven ecosystem that thrives on the active involvement of its stakeholders.

Mainchain Consensus

Merged Mining

Elastos achieved a significant milestone in its journey with the introduction of merged mining alongside Bitcoin. This strategic move, which took shape on August 26, 2018, followed over a year of rigorous internal development and close collaboration with mining pool partners. The result was a substantial enhancement of the Elastos mainnet’s security.

What makes merged mining particularly ingenious is its ability to harness the hashing power of the Bitcoin network without incurring additional energy costs. Elastos’ initial hashrate quickly surpassed 30% of Bitcoin’s network hashrate, underscoring its position as a prominent player in the world of public blockchains.

The integration of merged mining with Bitcoin not only bolstered Elastos’ security landscape but also contributed to its energy-efficient approach. Elastos demonstrates that security and sustainability can go hand in hand in the blockchain space.

Evolving Consensus: From DPoS to BPoS

Elastos’ evolution in consensus mechanisms from Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS) to BPoS marked a significant turning point in its journey. BPoS introduced equity tokens and incentives for participation, heralding a future of decentralized consensus that simultaneously prioritizes security and community vibrancy.

Under BPoS, users stake ELA tokens as BPoS equity tokens, which grant them staking privileges based on the quantity and duration of their staked tokens. This innovative approach encourages broader participation and introduces equity tokens tailored for diverse community engagements. Validators play a central role in the process, earning rewards for their contributions to block consensus and arbitrator selection.

Elasots’ transition to BPoS in April 2023 was a bold move towards a more decentralized, secure, and stable blockchain ecosystem. The variable BPoS Consensus positions Elastos as a leader in cultivating an inclusive and robust blockchain landscape.

Sidechain Consensus

In the Elastos blockchain ecosystem, sidechains play a vital role within the overall consensus mechanism. They facilitate seamless asset transfers between the Elastos mainchain and various sidechains through a bidirectional anchoring mechanism.

Cross-chain transactions involve the movement of ELA between the mainchain and sidechains. When users deposit ELA from the mainchain to a sidechain, they send it to a designated frozen address on the respective sidechain. The sidechain’s SPV module monitors the mainchain transaction and creates a corresponding transaction in the sidechain to credit the user’s account with sidechain tokens.

Each sidechain has its own frozen address linked to the mainchain, facilitating asset transfers. Secure transaction procedures ensure the movement of assets between the mainchain and sidechains. Users generate random secrets and corresponding hashes for authentication during transactions. Multisignature addresses play a crucial role in transaction security.

The Elastos ecosystem employs security mechanisms like SPV (Simplified Payment Verification) and elected arbitrators to ensure the safety of cross-chain transactions. Arbitrators are elected by mainchain token holders and are responsible for authorizing token withdrawals from sidechains to the mainchain.

Cyber Republic Council members, in addition to their validator node roles, maintain Arbiter nodes. These Arbiters oversee cross-chain transactions and contribute to the consensus process.

There’s a possibility of adjusting the consensus mechanism for cross-chain transactions in the future, potentially involving a total of 36 nodes, which would include 12 CR nodes and 24 voting nodes. Such an adjustment could influence the governance and decision-making related to cross-chain transactions.

In essence, sidechains are a fundamental component of the Elastos consensus mechanism, ensuring secure and efficient asset transfers between the mainchain and sidechains while maintaining network decentralization and security. This is achieved through SPV, multi-signature transactions, and the role of elected Arbiters.


Elastos doesn’t just provide technology; it provides a philosophy of empowerment. It’s a call to action for individuals to actively participate in securing, governing, and influencing the digital landscape. Whether you’re a creator, an investor, or simply someone who believes in the power of decentralized technology, Elastos empowers you to be an active participant in the digital revolution.

As Elastos celebrates its 6th anniversary, it stands as a beacon of innovation in the blockchain space. The lines between the virtual and real-world selves may continue to blur, but with Elastos, you can ensure that the control over your digital destiny remains firmly in your hands. Embrace the future, shape it, and make it your own, for in the world of Elastos, your digital destiny is truly yours to define.

As Elastos commemorates its 6th anniversary, its journey continues to be characterized by remarkable achievements in governance, security, and decentralization. The rise of the Cyber Republic DAO, side chain consensus, merged mining with Bitcoin, and the transition from DPoS to BPoS exemplify Elastos’ unwavering commitment to reshaping blockchain paradigms. Stay tuned for the next installment in this series, where we will explore further the multifaceted journey of Elastos as it celebrates its 6th anniversary.

“If bitcoin solved the double-spend problem for digital currency, then

Elastos is solving the double-spend problem for all data on the internet.”

                                                                                          –Rong Chen

Envision an internet where individuals truly own their data. A realm in which digital identities are controlled by people rather than corporations. Platforms where creators thrive, holding genuine ownership and monetization of their content and fostering communities. Moreover, envision ecosystems in which an Access Economy is open, transparent, and accessible to all. This is the ambitious aspiration that Elastos is diligently working towards, and now it commemorates its 6th anniversary of advancing this multidimensional endeavor.

As Elastos celebrates its 6th anniversary, we take a moment to reflect on its remarkable journey towards revolutionizing the internet as we know it. Elastos, founded in 2017 by Rong Chen, embarked on a mission to create an internet where individuals truly own their data, digital identities are controlled by people rather than corporations, and creators thrive with genuine ownership and monetization of their content. In this first part of the “Journey of Elastos” series, we delve into the groundbreaking technologies that have paved the way for people to achieve their digital destinies.

Elastos Tech Stack

At the core of Elastos’ innovation lie its distinctive technological pillars: Decentralized Identifier (DID), Hive, Carrier, and Runtime. These components form the bedrock of Elastos’ ecosystem, providing unparalleled privacy, security, and seamless connectivity.

Decentralized Identity (DID) empowers users with control over their digital identities, fostering privacy and seamless authentication across platforms. Hive pioneers decentralized storage, ensuring tamper-proof data distribution. Integrated with Elastos Runtime, Hive fosters a dynamic ecosystem for content creators and consumers to interact organically. Carrier revolutionizes communication through encrypted, direct channels, safeguarding conversations from intermediaries. Lastly, Runtime establishes secure execution environments, enabling developers to create resilient decentralized applications, free from conventional vulnerabilities.

Elastos DID – The Foundation for Self-Sovereign Identity

Elastos DID furnishes the identity layer that enables user sovereignty. DIDs allow individuals to truly own and control their digital identities and associated data. Built on the Elastos Identity Chain, DIDs are globally unique identifiers cryptographically linked to users’ public-private key pairs. This gives users sovereign control over identity verification and data sharing without relying on centralized authorities. DIDs are the crucial building block for user-controlled reputation, credentials, digital rights, and onboarding.

In 2020, the Trinity Tech and Gelaxy teams achieved significant milestones by releasing the Elastos DID 1.0 SDK and W3C-compliant DID Sidechain. They completed the Elastos DID method 1.0 specification, developed the DID Sidechain infrastructure, and launched it with comprehensive support. The creation of multi-language DID Software Development Kits (SDKs) facilitated integration. 

Elastos’ DID solution found application in Elastos Essentials, CR, and Feeds. The teams introduced a unified DID authentication model, transitioning Elastos Essentials to a user-centric paradigm. The successful DID 1.0 release led to valuable feedback and the subsequent formulation of the 2021 DID Development Overview, outlining plans for Elastos DID 2.0 integration and expansion into new applications. Overall, their efforts marked a transformative year for decentralized identity.

In 2021, DID 2.0 enhanced the developer and user experience while enabling more intricate business models. Key modifications included support for user-friendly Customized DID Identifiers, Multi-Party DIDs for complex ownership scenarios, DID transfers for value storage, and independent release of verifiable credentials for privacy. Search and analytics functions for public credentials, consensus adjustments for improved performance, accelerated DID transactions, and dynamic transaction fee rules were also integrated. The development plan aligns with Cyber Republic’s governance model, including Proposals for reserved DID identifiers, claiming them, and modifying transaction fee calculations, ensuring a strong governance foundation for the evolving DID Sidechain ecosystem.

Hive – Decentralized Storage for Digital Sovereignty 

Elastos Hive is a decentralized file storage and distribution system designed to give users control over their data. Hive shards and encrypts files then distributes them across decentralized nodes. User permissions managed through blockchain IDs control file access.

Hive enables secure storage outside the purview of centralized servers. Users retain ownership over sensitive data like medical records, corporate IP, or personal files. Retrieval is reliable due to abundant file redundancy across nodes. For the first time, Hive enables reliable decentralized storage where users remain in control.

Hive, initiated in 2019, stands as a pivotal component within the Elastos ecosystem, designed to underpin the decentralized storage architecture. Hive offered a robust and feature-rich storage solution that surpasses traditional decentralized alternatives. Its powerful API compatibility and advanced functionalities facilitate seamless access to file data for decentralized applications (dapps). By distributing documents across a global network of storage nodes, Hive ensures heightened data availability and security. Key Value (KV) access interfaces streamline dapp data access, expediting development while preserving application data. 

In early 2021, Elastos unveiled Hive 2.0, a pivotal component of the Elastos tech stack. Hive 2.0’s architecture diverges from the Elastos blockchain, employing traditional servers called “Hive nodes” for data storage and retrieval. Users select initial Vault providers, while Hive servers function as independent services provided by third parties or end users, offering data transfer flexibility. 

Hive 2.0’s integration with Carrier optimizes decentralized communication, enhancing overall user experience and enabling reimagined application architectures. With its customizable access control, authentication through DIDs, and support for various data types, Hive 2.0 represents a significant advancement over traditional models, driving practical, real-world adoption of Elastos applications. HiveHub, developed by the Trinity Tech team, marks a significant upgrade to Elastos’ Hive technology. This all-in-one web app enables users in the Elastos ecosystem to deploy Hive nodes, establish Vaults for secure data storage, and harness decentralized data solutions. Notably, users can register Hive nodes as NFTs for public visibility, create .env configuration files for Hive node deployment, and seamlessly migrate or back up Vault data. HiveHub’s integration streamlines these functions, enhancing the user experience.

Carrier – The Decentralized Communication Backbone

Elastos Carrier is a decentralized peer-to-peer communication network that facilitates direct data transmission between devices. Built on a Distributed Hash Table (DHT) protocol, it replaces centralized intermediaries like Apple or Google servers that currently broker communications. 

Carrier establishes secure end-to-end encrypted connections between users, protecting communication from surveillance or censorship. This decentralized communication is essential for applications like decentralized social platforms, messaging, and streaming. Carrier paves the way for an open and secure internet.

Carrier 1.0 was an advanced peer-to-peer communication platform facilitated by Elastos, offering seamless connectivity and data sharing. The Carrier iOS/Android SDK versions 5.2.1 and 5.5 enabled group connectivity without centralization, file transfer with resume functionality, binary message exchange, and efficient bulk messaging. The SDK v5.5 enhances big data handling, resolves group info storage issues, and collaborates with Carrier extensions. Additionally, the Carrier WebRTC SDK introduced Audio/Video/Data communication capabilities, providing high-level APIs for effortless integration, even over the Carrier network. Notably, a permissionless DHT network serves as Carrier’s open underlying layer, bolstering basic services. 

The upgraded Carrier platform represents a transformative shift from its legacy architecture to a layered, efficient, and secure communication network. Drawing a parallel to the evolution from cramped Roman roads to modern highways, Carrier’s redesign offers enhanced security, efficiency, and permissionless networking. The platform employs Secure Kademlia for improved privacy and reliability, paving the way for a decentralized communication system. 

Debuting in 2023, the Active Proxy Service is central to Carrier’s decentralized system, allowing users to host services at home and share them globally. Leveraging Carrier Super Nodes, it ensures data ownership and control. Active Proxy distinguishes itself by letting users run websites and apps on their devices while securely sharing via Carrier’s network—a balance of convenience and control.

The service’s value shines through practical cases. In the Hive Node Service, Active Proxy connects Hive Nodes to the world, securing private data storage. In Personal Nostr Relay Services, it extends access, facilitating seamless communication. It also enhances microservices like Bitcoin Lightning Nodes, linking local tools with the broader internet, enabling efficient global management. Active Proxy, combined with domain apps like, streamlines accessibility management for optimal performance, security, and data transmission. Ultimately, the Active Proxy Service, merging accessible hosting with decentralized control, empowers secure global sharing while maintaining data privacy.

Runtime – The Secure Execution Environment for dApps

In 2017, Elastos conceived the transformative idea of “turning data into code,” envisioning a secure, decentralized internet where URLs deliver executable code within a sandboxed runtime environment. Originally pursuing a proprietary runtime solution, Elastos shifted to WebAssembly (wasm) due to challenges with app store policies and content leakage risks. This technology allowed for secure execution by verifying binary hashes and trusted source signatures. WebAssembly’s versatility enabled code execution across devices and browsers, showcasing its sandboxed security, high performance, language support, and compatibility. This journey reflects Elastos’ dedication to realizing a secure SmartWeb ecosystem.

In 2023, Elacity, a prominent project within the Elastos ecosystem, has revitalized Runtime technology to integrate it into their dApp. The Proposal received approval in April, and Elacity’s goal is to integrate Runtime into their platform by the end of this year revitalized Runtime. This move aligns with Elacity’s mission of enabling users to own and trade their data without intermediaries. 

Elastos Runtime, a purpose-built, lightweight virtual machine, serves as a secure execution environment for Elastos decentralized applications. By utilizing sandboxing, Runtime isolates processes, minimizing the risks of malware and corruption. This technology safeguards user devices and ensures reliable computation integrity, enhancing security and privacy for decentralized apps, social platforms, and decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) running on Runtime.

Elastos Sidechains

Elastos employs a sidechain-based approach to enhance scalability within its blockchain ecosystem. By utilizing sidechains, Elastos effectively distributes the processing load and isolates different types of transactions and applications from its main blockchain. These sidechains operate independently and can be tailored for specific purposes, allowing for optimized performance and parallel processing of transactions. This approach ensures that the main Elastos blockchain is not overwhelmed by high demand and congestion, while still providing interoperability between the main chain and various sidechains. Ultimately, Elastos’ sidechain structure fosters a more scalable and adaptable platform, accommodating a diverse range of applications without compromising overall network efficiency.

On July 1st, 2018, Elastos achieved a major milestone by updating its main chain nodes to pave the way for the Elastos ID sidechain’s launch. This marked the introduction of sidechains within Elastos, with the ID sidechain being the first. This sidechain, designed to establish universal trust for the secure and decentralized Elastos internet, employed merged mining with the Bitcoin network for heightened security. This innovation allowed multiple sidechains using the same Proof-of-Work as Bitcoin to leverage its hashpower via the Elastos main chain, ensuring energy-efficient security for various applications. 

The ID sidechain also introduced a new utility use case for the Elastos coin (ELA), as miners securing the sidechain earned ELA-based transaction fees. This approach showcased Elastos’ commitment to sustainable economic models. The launch set the stage for further developments, including a Smart Web alpha version, enabling developers to create Elastos DApps and fulfill the project’s vision for a trustworthy and scalable internet ecosystem.

Introduced in November 2019, the Elastos Smart Contract (ESC) Chain is a versatile sidechain compatible with Solidity smart contracts. It leverages Elastos’ BPoS consensus for security, providing a high-performance platform for decentralized application (dApp) development. Users and developers can harness ESC for the same features available on Ethereum, thanks to its EVM compatibility.

The Elastos Identity (EID) Chain is a crucial part of the Elastos ecosystem, offering a decentralized solution for digital identity and assets. EID issues Decentralized Identifiers (DIDs) accompanied by unique ELA addresses and public-private key pairs. EID, also EVM-compatible, enables smart contract and dApp creation, enhancing the usability of DIDs and improving the overall user experience within Elastos.

The Elastos Smart Contract (ESC) Chain successfully upgraded to the latest Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) version, London. Completed by June 2023, the upgrade involved refining the go ethereum stack, adapting to Berlin and London upgrades, and updating the ABI library. This version integrated Solidity Version 0.8.x and advanced features like zero-knowledge proofs.

The upgrade delivered heightened efficiency, improved security, and seamless compatibility with Ethereum’s ecosystem. ESC users gained access to cutting-edge smart contract technology, facilitating participation in the rapidly evolving blockchain landscape.

The Elastos Identity (EID) chain was also upgraded to the latest EVM version, ensuring uniform application deployment standards. Further updates highlighted the enhanced capabilities of both ESC and EID chains, reinforcing Elastos’ dedication to innovation.


As Elastos celebrates its 6th anniversary, it stands as a beacon of innovation in the quest for a user-centric internet ecosystem. With its foundational technologies, sidechain approach, and commitment to continuous improvement, Elastos remains dedicated to realizing a secure and decentralized internet where individuals truly own their data, digital identities, and destinies. Stay tuned for the next part of the “Journey of Elastos” series, where we’ll explore further milestones and achievements in this remarkable journey towards a brighter digital future.



Elastos Foundation

Cyber Republic

Developer Portal